Most people will never face a major fire. But don’t think that it will never happen to you. Statistics show that your life will be affected by fire three times, either through personal experience or the experiences of family and friends. Knowing what to expect and how to react can be the difference between life and death.

FACT:
In a fire, you can’t see anything because of the thick black smoke. Expect total darkness.

SOLUTION:
Thick black smoke will fill a room from the top down. Crawl along the floor to escape and keep a flashlight nearby to help you see.

FACT:
The smoke and gases produced by a fire can kill you. If you breathe these gases while you’re sleeping, you may never wake up. If you breathe them while you are awake, you may become dizzy, disoriented and die.

SOLUTION:
Have a smoke alarm in all sleeping areas to warn and wake you. Make sure they are working. Test them monthly and change the batteries annually.

FACT:
Fire is extremely hot. The heat alone can kill you.

SOLUTION:
The coolest air will be along the floor. Crawl along the floor while you escape from a fire and keep your head in the safe zone between 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 inches) from the floor. Make sure you and your family practice crawling when rehearsing your escape plan.

FACT:

Clothes can catch on fire.

SOLUTION:
STOP where you are, gently DROP to the floor, cover your face with your hands and ROLL quickly from side to side until the flames go out. To help someone else who is on fire, push them to the ground and have them roll. Cover them with a wool or cotton blanket to smother the flames.

FACT:
Burns need proper treatment.

SOLUTION:

  1. Put the burned area under cool water for at least ten minutes.
  2. NEVER put ice, lotions or butter on a burn.
  3. If the burn blisters or chars, see a doctor immediately. Don’t try to bandage it yourself.